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Top 10 largest economies in the world in 2024

Get insights into the top 10 largest economies in 2023, and learn about the global economy's growth as the world propels itself towards a prosperous future

The United States of America, China, Japan, Germany, and India are the largest economies in the world in 2024, as per their GDP data. GDP serves as a key metric for assessing the magnitude of a nation’s economy. The conventional approach for gauging a country’s GDP involves the expenditure method, wherein the total is derived by aggregating expenditure on fresh consumer goods, new investments, government outlays, and the net value of exports.

This article aims to provide insight into the ten largest economies in the world in 2024, arranged by their GDP.

Top 10 Largest Economies In The World 2024

Which are the top 5 GDP countries in the world? The US, China, Japan, Germany, and India, respectively, hold those positions in 2024.

Now, let’s take a look at the top 10 largest economies/ richest countries in the world in 2024, sourced from IMF data (as of January 16, 2024):

Rank & Country GDP (USD billion) GDP Per Capita (USD thousand)
#1 United States Of America (U.S.A) 27,974 83.06
#2 China 18,566 13.16
#3 Germany 4,730 56.04
#4 Japan 4,291 34.55
#5 India 4,112 2.85
#6 United Kingdom (U.K.) 3,592 52.43
#7 France 3,182 48.22
#8 Italy 2,280 38.93
#9 Brazil 2,272 11.03
#10 Canada 2,242 55.53

 

What Are The Next 10 Economies

Rank & Country GDP (USD billion)
Mexico 1,992
Russia 1,924
South Korea 1,784
Australia 1,696
Spain 1,685
Indonesia 1,541
Türkiye 1,340
Netherlands 1,167
Saudi Arabia 1,112
Switzerland 977.95

*Data is last updated on January 16, 2024

Let’s take a closer look at the globe’s largest economies in 2024

The United States Of America

The United States upholds its status as the major global economy and richest country, steadfastly preserving its pinnacle position from 1960 to 2024. Its economy boasts remarkable diversity, propelled by important sectors, including services, manufacturing, finance, and technology. The United States enjoys a substantial consumer market, fosters innovation and entrepreneurial spirit, possesses resilient infrastructure, and experiences advantageous business conditions.

China

  • GDP:  $18,566 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $13.16
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 4.2%

China has witnessed a notable upsurge in its economic progress, moving from the fourth rank in 1960 to the second rank in  2024. The Chinese economy predominantly hinges upon manufacturing, exports, and investment. It proudly possesses an extensive workforce, robust governmental backing, infrastructural advancements, and an expeditiously expanding consumer market.

Germany

  • GDP:  $4,730 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $56.04
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate:  0.9%

The German economy strongly focuses on exports and is renowned for its precision in the engineering, automotive, chemical, and pharmaceutical sectors. It derives advantage from its proficient labour force, robust research and development initiatives, and a pronounced commitment to fostering innovation.

Japan

  • GDP:  $4,291 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $34.55
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.0%

Japan’s notable economy is distinguished by its progressive technology, manufacturing prowess, and service industry. Prominent sectors encompass automotive, electronic, machinery, and financial domains. Moreover, Japan garners recognition for its unwavering work ethic, pioneering technological advancements, and exceptional exports of superior quality.

Germany

  • GDP:  $4,430 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $52,820
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate:  -0.1%

The German economy strongly focuses on exports and is renowned for its precision in the engineering, automotive, chemical, and pharmaceutical sectors. It derives advantage from its proficient labour force, robust research and development initiatives, and a pronounced commitment to fostering innovation.

India

  • GDP:  $4,112 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $2.85
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 6.3%

India is ranked 5th in world’s GDP rankings in 2024. India’s economy boasts diversity and swift growth, fuelled by key sectors such as information technology, services, agriculture, and manufacturing. The nation capitalises on its broad domestic market, a youthful and technologically adept labour force, and an expanding middle class.

United Kingdom

  • GDP:  $3,592 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $52.43
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate:  0.6%

The economy of the United Kingdom comprises a blend of services, manufacturing, finance, and creative sectors. London functions as a worldwide financial centre, enticing foreign investments. The economic expansion of the UK is additionally shaped by its trade alliances and globalisation.

The economy of the United Kingdom comprises a blend of services, manufacturing, finance, and creative sectors. London functions as a worldwide financial centre, enticing foreign investments. The economic expansion of the UK is additionally shaped by its trade alliances and globalisation.

France

  • GDP:  $3,182 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $48.22
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.3%

France is expected to have a GDP estimated at 3,182 billion US dollars in 2024. The economy of France is characterised by diversification, emphasising industries such as aerospace, tourism, luxury goods, and agriculture. France is renowned for its robust social welfare system, well-developed infrastructure, and substantial investment in research and development.

Italy

  • GDP:  $2,280 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $38.93
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 0.7%

Italy boasts a highly developed market as the third-largest economy in the European Union. The nation is known for its influential and pioneering business sector and diligent and competitive agricultural industry.

Brazil

  • GDP:  $2,272 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $11.03
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.5%

The Brazilian economy exhibits a breadth of sectors, encompassing agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and services. Notably, it is a prominent global hub for agricultural production and exportation. Several factors, including commodity prices, domestic consumption, and the advancement of infrastructure, shape the growth of Brazil’s economy.

Canada

  • GDP:  $2,242 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Thousands): $55.53
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.6%

The Canadian economy relies heavily on its abundant natural resources, encompassing oil, gas, minerals, and timber. Moreover, the nation boasts a thriving services sector, a well-established manufacturing industry, and a steadfast dedication to fostering innovation and technological advancements.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How is Gross Domestic Product (GDP) computed?

GDP is determined by summing up consumption (expenditure by consumers), government expenditure, investment (expenditure by businesses), and net exports (the difference between exports and imports).

2. What are the top 10 poorest countries in the world?

The top 10 poorest countries in the world by GDP per capita are:

  1. South Sudan
  2. Burundi
  3. Central African Republic
  4. Somalia
  5. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  6. Mozambique
  7. Niger
  8. Malawi
  9. Chad
  10. Liberia

3. What is the largest economy in Asia?

The largest economy in Asia is China, with a nominal GDP of over $19,374 billion in 2024. Japan and India rank next to China in the GDP rankings in Asia.

4. What are the top 10 richest countries in the world?

The top 10 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita are as follows:

  1. Ireland
  2. Luxembourg
  3. Singapore
  4. Qatar
  5. Macao SAR
  6. United Arab Emirates
  7. Switzerland
  8. Norway
  9. United States
  10. San Marino

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