National Science Day 2024: Date, history and significance of the day

National Science Day is celebrated every year on February 28 to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ and to raise awareness about the importance of science and its role in improving the lives of people

National Science Day 2024: Science is significant in the lives of each and every person on earth. Even sometimes when we do not know, we may be using science and its applications in our daily lives. It is important to acknowledge the ways science and its applications have simplified our lives and how easier it has made things for us. Every year, National Science Day is observed to raise awareness about the importance of science in our lives and also acknowledge the efforts of the scientists who work in exploring more ways by which science can be implemented to make our lives simpler and easier.

As we gear up to observe National Science Day, here are a few things that we must keep in mind.

Date:

Every year, National Science Day is observed on February 28. This year, the special day falls on a Wednesday.

Why is it celebrated on February 28?

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C V Raman)
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C V Raman)

The National Science Day was first observed on the day when Indian Physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C V Raman) announced the discovery of the “Raman Effect” in 1928, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. He was the first Indian to receive this prestigious award in the field of science.

The Raman Effect is the phenomenon when light traverses a transparent material, and some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength.
The history of National Science Day can be traced back to 1986 when the Indian government accepted the proposal of the National Council for Science and Technology Communication and designated February 28 as National Science Day to commemorate the discovery of the “Raman Effect.

National Science Day 2024: Theme

The theme for National Science Day 2024 is “Indigenous Technologies for Viksit Bharat.”

The theme for National Science Day 2024 reflects a strategic focus on promoting public appreciation for science, technology and innovation and accomplishments of Indian scientists to address challenges through home-grown technologies for overall well-being.
Announcing the theme for National Science Day 2024 in the first week of February, MoS for Science & Technology Dr Jitendra Singh said, “This year will not only mark a new era but also seek to present an opportunity for the public and scientific fraternity, both domestically and internationally, to collaborate, work together, and contribute to the well-being of India and humanity as a whole.

National Science Day 2024: Significance

National Science Day aims to recognise the pivotal role of science in our daily lives. The Day also showcases the activities, efforts, and achievements of the scientific community for human welfare. It also provides an opportunity to reflect on the progress made in the field of science and technology and to identify the areas where more work needs to be done.

During the announcement of the NSD 2024 theme, the government said, “We are globally among the top five countries in scientific research publications, 40th in Global Innovation Index (GII) showcasing remarkable climb from 81st rank in 2015 and our patent filing has crossed 90,000 which is highest in two decades.”
“Indian scientific breakthroughs have reached from the lab to the moon; with the successful landing of Chandrayaan-3 on the south pole of the moon, India became the first country to achieve this feat,” the minister said.

FAQs

Why is National Science Day celebrated?

National Science Day is observed on 28 February to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’. In 1986, the Government of India designated 28 February as National Science Day (NSD). On this Day, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, also known as CV Raman announced the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930.

When is National Science Day observed?

Every year on 28 February, National Science Day is celebrated to pay tribute to the Nobel Laureate Dr. C.V. Raman.

When did C.V. Raman die?

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V. Raman) died on 21 November 1970.

When and Why was C.V. Raman awarded with Nobel Prize?

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C.V. Raman) won Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him that is the Raman Effect.

What is the full name of C.V. Raman?

C.V. Raman full name is Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He was born at Tiruchirappalli in Southern India on 7 November 1888.

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