Last year, India celebrated the Amrita Mahotsava of Independence, now it is gearing up for the 76th Independence Day celebrations 2023. The reason why this day is so important is that in 1947, on August 14, the British left India. Although it was a matter of happiness that we got freedom, the partition of India brought sorrow to the minds of millions of people.
After the partition of India, Pakistan celebrates its Independence Day on August 14, while India celebrates its Independence Day on August 15. So, what happened on this day in 1947? Here is the answer to that question.
- After the Partition of India, the Indian Independence Act of 1947 ended British rule. Also, on August 14, Pakistan was formed as a subcontinent of India. But India got independence after one day.
- Pakistan was declared a Muslim nation after the partition of India. But India became a republic.
- Every road in India and Pakistan was teeming with people who had the concept of patriotism and freedom.
- But people in several parts of India like Bengal, Bihar, United Provinces and Punjab had to suffer violently. There were widespread murders, rapes and atrocities.
- As India was divided on the basis of religion, not only the people of that part, but also people from other parts left behind all their immovable properties. Thus millions of people were displaced and joined the refugee camps. Many people died due to the violence along with the unsanitary conditions.
- At midnight, people took to the streets to celebrate the country’s freedom from 200 years of British rule. The Constituent Assembly convened in Constitution Hall and assumed its new role as the Legislative Assembly of independent India at midnight.